Free art-making in an art therapy open studio: changes in affect and self-efficacy


Research Abstract
Free art-making in an art therapy open studio: changes in affect and self-efficacy

"Background: This study investigated the impact of visual art-making on self-reported positive and negative affect and perceived self-efficacy. Study participants included 39 healthy adults aged 18 to 59 years, including 33 women and 6 men.

Methods: The study used a mixed methods quasi-experimental (pre–post measurements, no control group) design. The study involved 45 minutes of individual art-making in an open studio format facilitated by an art therapist. Participants completed questionnaires including the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule and General Self-Efficacy Scale, before and after the art-making session. At the end of the session, participants provided brief comments about their art-making experience and a narrative summary of their artwork."

"Results indicate that free art-making in this context significantly lowered negative affect and improved positive affect and self-efficacy. Improved affect was also moderately correlated with improved self-efficacy. There was no difference between groups based on prior experience with art-making, gender, age, or race/ethnicity. Content themes from the participants’ artwork were very diverse including references to nature, people, activities, memories, and abstract explorations of colors and shapes."


Periodical (article)
Kaimal, Girija and Ray, Kendra
Arts & Health
August 2016

Taylor & Francis Group
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Abingdon, Oxfordshire
, OX14 4RN
United Kingdom